Does Trump Threaten Science? Part 1

The American Association of University Professors has issued a short thunderclap of a report accusing President Trump of undermining the natural sciences. By itself, this would be pretty bad, but according to the AAUP, Trump’s hatred for science extends by means of foreign policy to damaging intellectual inquiry, economic prosperity, and human health worldwide, and maybe also planetary survival. This sort of breathless denunciation may be the sort of thing one expects from soapbox speakers at Climate Change rallies, but the AAUP usually aims a little higher.

This is first of three essays in [read Part 2 here and Part 3 here]which I will examine the background, meaning, and import of what the AAUP has done in “National Security, the Assault on Science, and Academic Freedom.” In this part I present the historical context, namely the left’s attempt to brand conservatives in general as “anti-science.”

The AAUP’s route to this destination is the claim that science is at risk.

On this general point I and my organization, the National Association of Scholars (NAS), actually agree with the AAUP. We disagree, however, on a few details. Is the patient at risk of drowning or incineration? Should we assist the drowning man with a life preserver or a 200 pound anvil? Is the conflagration to be met with a fire extinguisher or a good soaking in kerosene?

I exaggerate perhaps a little. Science doesn’t really face mortal danger. No one is trying to kill it, and even if the Armies of Darkness were laying siege to all the shrines of science from Aristotle to Newton, and Francis Bacon to Stephen Hawking, science as an enterprise would continue. Darwin and Einstein wouldn’t vanish, and people would still attempt to plumb the mysteries of DNA, exo-planets, and superconductors. The thirst for knowledge cannot be drowned or burnt to cinders. Moreover, the NAS and the AAUP do agree substantially on a key point: one threat to the integrity of scientific inquiry is the politicization of science.

We just disagree over the location of the podium from which the politicizing proceeds. Stage right? Or stage left?  

The Diversion

On December 7—a date presumably chosen because it is Pearl Harbor Day and thus resonates with general alarm—the AAUP issued its thirteen-page statement, “National Security, the Assault on Science, and Academic Freedom.” The statement attacks the Trump administration for politicizing science and thereby undermining progress, prosperity, and, somehow, national security. The AAUP more generally blames conservatives for undermining science. Trump is the local and immediate embodiment of what the AAUP sees as an old problem.

The NAS for its part has been warning of several quite different threats to science. These include several that have little to do with politics: the crisis of irreproducibility and the too-cozy relationship between government agencies and outside researchers. But also high on the list are also the close-mindedness that results from progressive groupthink, and the increasing willingness of universities to compromise academic standards in student admissions and faculty hiring in the sciences in order to advance racial and “gender” goals. As long ago as 1994, NAS held a national conference on the politicization of science, and we have continued to address this issue, including a new report soon to be released that focuses on the underlying causes of the irreproducibility crisis.

I mention all this to establish that I’m speaking from a long-standing interest in the topic built on the recognition that politics is not the only thing bedeviling the sciences. The occasion of this essay, however, is what the AAUP says in its new report. Because the AAUP is among the most prominent organizations representing American higher education, its mistakes can have far-reaching effects, not least of which is the diversion of attention from more serious problems.

The AAUP Weighs In

“National Security, the Assault on Science, and Academic Freedom” is the work of a five-member subcommittee that includes the celebrated climate scientist Michael Mann (he of the hockey stick graph) and radical feminist Joan Wallach Scott, who holds an appointment at the Institute for Advanced Study. The other members are California State University historian Henry Reichman, National Academy of Sciences biologist Mary Jane West-Eberhard, and Temple University physicist Xiaoxing Xi. Their report was endorsed by the AAUP’s “Committee A on Academic Freedom” and by the AAUP’s Council, which is to say it comes with the full force of the organization.

The AAUP report combines two complaints reflecting disparate concerns. It chastises the U.S. Government for leaning too heavily on Chinese and Chinese-American researchers accused of espionage, and it attacks “climate deniers” for undermining wholesome climate science. The report frames these as a recrimination against President Trump for his sabotage of academic freedom. Most of the content of the report, however, deals with matters that occurred before Trump was elected. The authors are not bothered by this inconsistency. For the AAUP, Trump appears to stand as the summation of all that is misguided in American attitudes and policies affecting the sciences.

To make sense of the AAUP’s rather strange pronouncement, we have to consider the context of the left’s long-standing claims that conservatives are “anti-science.”

Science Marchers

The last time the Left raised this particular alarm was the “March for Science” on April 22, 2017, timed for Earth Day. Billed as “non-partisan,” the march drew crowds in Washington, D.C., New York, Boston, and other cities around the United States and the world. The organizers said they drew 100,000 people to the main event in Washington, and over a million world-wide. The non-partisan pretext, however, was as hollow as a bass drum. The “March for Science” was a straightforward anti-Trump rally based on the assertion that the Trump administration (then barely three months into it) was “anti-science.”

I watched the New York portion of the march for 90 minutes as it passed through Columbus Circle. There were surely some scientists among the marchers, but they were lost amid the flamboyant anti-global warming activists and women recycling their garb from the January 21 Women’s March. Science is based on disciplined inquiry, testable hypotheses, patient gathering of evidence, rigorous analysis, and reproducible results. Marching in mass? Not so much.

Warriors, Merchants, and Yahoos

The idea that conservatives are anti-science has flattered the vanity of the progressive left for generations. In 2005, the journalist Chris Mooney published a best-seller, The Republican War on Science. It gave birth to a small genre of polemics, perhaps the best known of which is Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway’s 2010 book, Merchants of Doubt, an elaborate effort to compare people who are skeptical of the “global warming consensus” to the tobacco companies that tried to downplay the risks of smoking. The grandfather of all these books is Richard Hofstadter’s 1963 study, Anti-intellectualism in American Life. Hofstadter was a man of the Left and he prosecuted the case that many of the ills of democracy—fervent irrationalism in religion, politics, and popular life—have roots on the right.

The culture war, of course, has many fronts. Americans can argue vigorously over the role of race in society, the differences between the sexes, the meaning of disparities in wealth, what role religion should play in public life, how much freedom of expression should be allowed, and a great many other things down to the level of which pronouns should or should not be used. There is no reason why “science” should be exempt from these pervasive disagreements. After all, science is conducted by ordinary human beings who are subject to the same passions as everyone else and are divisible into the same identitarian categories as everyone else.

The vulnerability of the sciences to ordinary human folly ought to be the cornerstone of any serious attempt to assess contemporary risks to the integrity of scientific inquiry. Somehow that vulnerability escapes the notice of the AAUP. We’ll see why in Part II.

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19 responses to “Does Trump Threaten Science? Part 1”

  1. Why is there a ban of certain words at the CDC? Trumpites are afraid of Facts.

    • Virtue signaling is inappropriate in budgeting talks. If budget analysts can’t be discrete and unemotional then their supervisors must draw rubrics.

    • Why do people like you capitalize words like “Facts” and “Science?” The practice smacks strongly of a worshipful attitude.

      Perhaps you’ve realized that you’re not entitled to your own facts, and you’ve pivoted to a worship of what you call “Facts,” which aren’t actually facts at all, but your preferred stances.

      Yeah, I think that’s probably it.

      • That’s it. Your exceptional perception is like Bannon giving himself a header. The downside, shit or jizz on your face.

      • There is a new USPS 2018 stamp series to promote STEM. It is the best example of the USPS artists being whipsawed by political correctness/identity politics: so I came back online to see how STEM iconography might be inspiring children to think STEM is cool, not for geeks. Conclusion? Artists are still challenged, which led me to the basics. Is anyone in America encouraging creativity, which requires being open to different points of view? How do they teach critical thinking in an era that discourages competition? …and then I came to American Greatness for a break. Hah. The AAUP report of Dec. 7 that is Peter S. Wood’s topic here most likely has linkage to both TAI’s ‘Sputnik Moment – China!’, and Spengler’s ‘be afraid of China’ posts.

        Back to postage stamps. Due to the bobbing of amgreatness’s web page, I accidentally selected another Laika stamp. This one? Bosnia probably has more kids curious about technology than anywhere else: Space Dogs! of course, a few Bosnian puppies possibly did get hurt in the after-school experiments. and THAT, by discouraging curiosity, is what has NOT been taught in too many public schools for forty years.

        As to Literacy? [story edited out]. America is so screwed.

        On to part II, before I get distracted as to why the Forever in America Forever has a strikethrough.

      • Why would you bring up “worshipful attitude”? What is that in the Motherland? Why the Ban on words? Burn Books, Boris?

  2. Science is a method unaffected by politics. Scientist is an epithet, often self-assigned. Scientists are threatened by the truth. Good people ought to be armed as they will, with wits and guns and The Truth. The conspiracy of ignorance masquerades as common sense.

    • And We have some self appointed “scientists” showing up here posting their spontaneous regurgitations from their bile duct as proof that the cognitive aspect of science has been purged by the corruption of political dogma.
      Give them ample distance, because if you don’t agree with their delusions, they throw a temper tantrum!

  3. I remember back in the early 80s I was blinded by science, so science has had it coming for a loooong time!

    • nothing like being blinded by the facts
      nothing like realizing that your local coal mine is poisoning the river
      nothing like realizing that your local tobacco company is destroying your lungs
      nothing like realizing that preventing babies can be accomplished without killing women or locking them in their room
      nothing like learning that you’re cooking the earth and being lied to by politicians who are being paid to lie by oil, gas, and coal companies

      science doesn’t blind
      constant refusal to recognize scientific fact is what’s blinding you and so many other ideological prisoners

      • It had me chuckling too Marshall.

        Here’s another thigh slapper from this paragon of feminist/progressivist/globalist values:
        Itche-Meir 2 months ago
        sanders breaks the mold
        usually, a fat girl gets the job because she’s smart
        not so here
        it’s just to buy the prayers of the hypocrite pseudo-paster Fat Mike Huck

        You would think a person with “Itchy’s” high feminist values would not descend to fat shaming.

      • Nothing like realizing that a 6.5′ man called Rock, with a beard like a rododendrum and a schlong the size of a Genoa Salami can (and should) be called “Shirley” if he one day decides to “live as a woman,” and be of one among 709,573,950,673,645 genders (and still counting).

        You people are humanity’s worst enemy.

  4. Social Justice Warriors calling themselves “scientists” doesn’t make them such. To be a scientist you have to apply scientific method. Find correlations and then announcing the dire need to “fix” these “problems” have nothing to do with science. Making computer models that predict exactly nothing is also not science but SJW’s posing as such. Michael Mann?