America is Losing the Education Race Against China—Bigly

By | 2017-06-02T18:30:05+00:00 September 12, 2017|
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We are no longer living in the unipolar world of the immediate post-Cold War period. This is especially clear when it comes to observing the nearly 30 years war the Chinese Communist Party has waged upon U.S. economic interests—using the very free trade so worshiped by our elites as a cudgel to diminish America’s competitive advantages in peace, while propping up China’s strategic edge in the event of war.

Over time, the results have been remarkably beneficial for China and detrimental to the United States. China began by soaking up as many industrial trade secrets as it could to become the world’s leading low-cost manufacturer. The working-class jobs that created America’s middle class were systematically shipped overseas to China, leaving America’s once-vibrant middle class bereft of employment opportunities and leading to a significant decline in middle-class living standards. This, combined with a declining respect for bourgeois morality and growing government dependence, worked to increase opioid and other forms of substance abuse that exacerbated the pathologies of a burgeoning underclass of undereducated people with little hope of escaping their plight. America left these folks and their communities behind.

As China came to dominate the manufacturing market, they recognized that the key to the future was in education—notably in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields (STEM). For nearly 20 years, the Chinese took their massive (and growing) wealth and invested heavily in developing educational programs for training their next generation of workers in critical hi-tech industries and supporting a civilizational ethic dedicated to sustaining it.

Thanks to these copious material, moral, and intellectual investments, China is a world leader in producing the world’s scientists, engineers, technicians, and mathematicians—the kinds of people who will dominate the newfangled knowledge economy. Meanwhile, in the United States, there was no corresponding increase in our level of competitiveness in the growing STEM fields. As David Goldman has documented at American Affairs Journal, investment in cutting edge research and development programs by the federal government has declined as China’s has intensified.

For its part, America’s education system remains mired in outmoded concepts not for a lack of funds, but for lack of proper understanding of how those funds should be spent. The Department of Education consumes $68 billion a year. Yet, America’s students are assessed merely as “average” when compared to other students from OECD countries. In standardized tests, the ranking of U.S. 15-year-olds has fallen to 17th in science and 25th in math. In fact, according to U.S. News and World Report, “our top students are generally not competitive either.” Some years back, Bill Gates said, “When I compare our high schools to what I see when I’m traveling abroad, I’m terrified for our workforce of tomorrow.” America spends nearly six times more money on its students (in GDP terms) than most other countries, yet our students are merely “average.”

Of course, our country’s political discourse on the issue of education reform has been as painful to listen to as every other political debate today—both the Right and Left stick to their ideological orthodoxies and our kids suffer.

Whose interests are we protecting?

In China, on the other hand, government investments in STEM are paying significant dividends. Not only are the Chinese churning out the world’s next innovation leaders, but thanks to their investment in research and development along with a willingness to give the technology time to bear fruit, China is leading the way in specific new technological frontiers. Though many Western leaders and scientists dismissed the concept, their quantum Internet is proving to be a success. Whereas NASA Eagleworks lab is fighting for greater support of its revolutionary EMDrive, China quietly has been building up its own EMDrive as a means of beating the Americans to Mars. And, more importantly, China has been serious in its development of antiballistic missile defense (ABM) systems.

Yet, our leaders continue to dither when it comes to missile defense.

With the rise of nuclear rogue states in North Korea (a nominal Chinese client) and Iran (a nominal Russian client), the threat of nuclear warfare has returned. However, America’s ability to protect itself—and its allies—from nuclear war remains outdated. And, with China now developing its own ABM systems, the Chinese will likely add fully workable ABM defenses to their increasing repertoire of military capabilities which will only further diminish America’s strategic advantages over China.

Because China has made the requisite levels of investment and commitment to developing the human capital necessary for dominating the new knowledge economy of the 21st century, they are now beginning to take the lead in the crafting of critical technologies. The United States has neither made the necessary investments nor committed itself to developing a plan for shaping the next generation of great technological innovation. That starts with reforming our education system entirely. If we don’t, we will lose the great geopolitical game with China and other foreign actors.

Back in the Cold War days, everything from space exploration to the Olympics was a matter of geopolitical competition between the two Superpowers. Today, this remains true for the United States and China—even if America’s indolent elite fail to recognize the fact. But even more important than the competition in the military, economic, or sports realms, the education race is what will determine the future outcome of what Noah Feldman presciently termed the “Cool War” between China and America.

Unfortunately, America is losing the education race against China—bigly. Even if we began to get serious about changing things today, it will take years to make a real impact. The longer we wait, the less secure we are in the long-term. Until we make these investments in our future, China will continue beating us in the Cool War. God help us if it ever turns hot.

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About the Author:

Brandon J. Weichert
Brandon J. Weichert is a contributing editor to American Greatness. A former Republican congressional staffer and national security expert, he also runs "The Weichert Report" (www.theweichertreport.com), an online journal of geopolitics. He holds master's degree in statecraft and national security from the Institute of World Politics in Washington, D.C. He is also an associate member of New College at Oxford University and holds a B.A. in political science from DePaul University. He is currently completing a book on national security space policy due out next year.
  • tz1

    In the late 1980’s there was “The Japan that can say No”, and they had their structured education.
    China’s engineers aren’t functional – there may be some since there are a billion people, but I wouldn’t trust anything they built or designed. They take tests well.
    https://hackaday.com/2017/08/30/lu-bans-axe-and-working-with-your-chinese-suppliers/
    Because they are big on face and conformity, even when they can do more than copy, they rarely will.

    • Brandon Weichert

      Please check this book out when you can: https://www.amazon.com/Copycats-Smart-Companies-Imitation-Strategic/dp/1422126730/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1505267061&sr=8-2&keywords=Oded+Shenkar

      I, too, was a China skeptic for many years. And fully concede that there are still some things that America does better. However, that gap is closing. Not just in tech, but in all aspects–including military. The thing about imitators like China is that, given enough time, investment, resources, and commitment from leadership they start to innovate…and they even start to innovate better than the original innovators. China is shaping up to be most disruptive player in the geopolitical system to date.

      Here’s a fitting line from the opening of Shenkar’s brilliant book:

      “Because imitators do not incur the investment made by the pioneer incumbent, imitators can tweak the original to fit shifting consumer tastes, or they can leapfrog into the next technological generation. Samsung, like other South Korean manufacturers, serves as an example. Samsung was hopelessly behind in analog technologies when it leapfrogged into the digital age. Having observed market reaction ,imitators can better calibrate a product, positioning it where returns appear more secure and promising.”

      Look at China’s development of their EMDrive or Quantum Internet. Look at how they pilfered the F-35 designs and used it to build their own J-20 fighter. China has imitated so long, they’re now starting to innovate in very scary and dangerous ways. Indeed, by 2049 President Xi Jinping is convinced that China will fully realize their “China Dream” (defined by PLA Colonel Liu Mingfu–a close confidant to Xi and the man who coined the “China Dream”–as displacing the United States as the leading global power). This meshes with Michael Pillsbury’s concern that the Chinese are running their Hundred-Year Marathon against the United States, started in 1949, when Mao rose to power, and expected to complete in 2049, with America made into a second-rate power. I hope this is all propagandistic posturing on the part of an ailing Communist Party in China rather than the real thing. If it is the latter, God help us all.

      Liu Mingfu’s book: https://www.amazon.com/China-Dream-Thinking-Strategic-Post-American/dp/1627741402/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1505267826&sr=1-1&keywords=Liu+Mingfu

      Michael Pillsbury’s book: https://www.amazon.com/Hundred-Year-Marathon-Strategy-Replace-Superpower/dp/1627790101/ref=pd_bxgy_14_img_2?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=X60W1ZAY8Q9CTYYKAH0G

      Thanks for reading!

    • ek ErilaR

      We used to say that about the Japanese and the British used to say that about the US.

      • Brandon Weichert

        The British were right about the United States and China isn’t Japan.

        • ek ErilaR

          Well, the Japanese pretty much destroyed the US auto and home electronics industries. But they were limited in ways the PRC is not.

  • question?

    The American Education system is held hostage by identity politics and good old fashioned corruption. The schools have been getting reformed since the early 1960’s. Prior to reform, they worked pretty well. The reformers have come up with all sorts of programs from dumbing down, to individual guided education to whole language, to no child left behing to the latest silver bullet common core.
    The school reform industry will never put themselves out of business by actually reforming ths schools. Every 5 years, a well connected Harvard Person who has never taught a day in their life will wine and dine the U.S. Department of Ed. The U.S. Department of Ed then orders all of the school districts to purchase the well connected Harvard Persons curriculum. All texts must be replaced, teachers have to be trained. This is a huge expenditure on the local level, which means the quid (wining and dining in DC) does not get connected to the pro quo at the local level.
    There is also the ordinary corruption of local politicitians viewing the schools as a source of political pork.

    And of course there are identity politics. The curriculum is rife with them. School books are chosen for the PC adherance and not the educational content. Teachers are burdened with mindless paperwork. Every quarter, teachers have to fill out an 80 page report explaining how their lesson plans adhere to common core standards. You would have to hire an army of people to review this pointless crap and most school districts are struggling financially. So it is going straight to the shredder.

    And of course there are the lawsuits. Every child has the right to be educated in the least restrictive environment, no matter how violent that child is.
    The blame for all of this bad policy coming from the top is put on the shoulders of the teachers in the classrooms. The real wonder is that the teachers are able to teach in spite of all of the bad policy, not because of it.

  • Man on the street

    The American education system as well as most of the Western nations is indoctrination institutions to poison the children. Education is secondary to propaganda, and hasbara. Look up the word hasbara.