This essay is adapted from In Defense of the Second Amendment by Larry Correia,
(Regnery, 256 pages, $29.99)

Lies, Damned Lies, and Gun Statistics

What can we say to the “I’d be more comfortable if you gun people were forced to have more mandatory training” crowd? This is a subject that has caused some division among gun rights advocates over the years, but I’m firmly against any sort of legally mandated training for private citizens before they can exercise their rights.

To clarify, I’m a huge fan of training. I think gun school is great. I’ve taken many classes over the years, and I still try to take at least one or two classes annually to continue my education and not become stagnant. I think if you’re going to own a gun or carry a gun, it behooves you to seek out quality instructors and keep learning. 

But mandatory training, required by the state, before you are allowed to defend yourself? Absolutely not. This Do-Something! mentality is usually accompanied by a tortured analogy equating gun ownership to getting a driver’s license. Except mandatory training is a placebo at best. 

The Absolute Minimum

There have been different kinds of mandatory training required to get a concealed carry permit. When I got started, some states required attending a classroom lecture, others required classroom time and an actual shooting test. The length of the classes and the difficulty of the test varied greatly state to state. And there was one state (Vermont) that required no training or license at all, so anybody who wasn’t a prohibited person could just carry a gun.

When I first started teaching CCW I did a full-on basic live-fire handgun class in addition to the lecture portion required by the state. What I quickly discovered was the people who were going to be smart were smart. People who were going to be stupid were on their best behavior while I watched them, then immediately went back to being stupid when they were on their own. People who want to get trained pay attention. People who are there because it’s required do the absolute minimum and then forget it as soon as they reach the parking lot. Sort of like every other kind of mandatory training for every other single field ever, in all of recorded human history. So no big surprise there. 

Shooting is a skill that can be taught. Those who want to learn are going to learn. Those with giant egos assume that what they already know is good enough, and you can’t teach them anything anyway. Plus, shooting is only one part of the equation, and not the most important part either. Don’t get me wrong, being able to hit your target is important, but it pales in comparison to the importance of making good decisions. I can teach a monkey to hit a piece of paper. Teaching someone to react intelligently under stress is a whole lot harder. 

Even mandatory training often has giant gaping holes in what it covers, and one-size-fits-all training rarely helps with an individual’s specific needs. Mandatory minimum standards get you a lot of mandatory minimum instructors producing mandatory minimum shooters. This isn’t just for gun stuff, but you’ve all seen it in whatever it is you do for a living. What boxes are we required to check? Let’s hurry and check them. 

The old Utah course required a bunch of extraneous stuff that was best learned on your own, or from the owner’s manual, yet there was only a small section about use-of-force laws, when you can shoot, why you should shoot, and absolutely nothing at all about tactics. There was no section about what to do after a shooting, how to deal with the responding officers, or what the legal aftermath would be like . . . but I was legally required to spend time explaining stuff like the difference between rimfire and centerfire. 

After about a year, I changed up my CCW class. If a student wanted to learn to shoot better, then he could come to an actual shooting class. Then I expanded my classroom portion. I’d cover the mandatory basic silly requirements, then spend the majority of the time going over use of force, decision making, and the stuff that keeps you alive and out of jail. 

I added a role-playing section, where students would be armed with a rubber dummy gun, and then we’d run through various scenarios. I’d usually play the bad guy and enlist other students to act out various roles. Sometimes the answer was to shoot, but usually the answer was to avoid or deescalate. Then the entire class would discuss the decision-making process and why they did what they did. I used this to challenge the students’ preconceived notions of how “their gunfight” was going to unfold. I lost track of how many times I had somebody who’d already been through a state-mandated CCW class come up to me afterward and comment about how eye-opening the scenario training was. 

iStock/Getty Images

To Assuage the Conscience of Bureaucrats

You might be thinking, Wow that sounds great. Let’s make all the basic training that good. Except I did that because I wanted to, and the students were there voluntarily for that extra time. If the state made that sort of thing legally required, the mass-produced version would start to suck like all mandatory training does, and it would just become a longer exercise in box checking. 

That’s classroom. For states that require actual shooting portions, lazy instructors love qualifiers, because they can simply check off a list and feel like they’re accomplishing something. Two shots at five yards. Check. Good shooting instructors actually take the time to watch students, they have the experience and awareness to diagnose students’ weaknesses, and then they help them to individually get better. 

If anything, passing a basic qualifier is harmful in that it provides a false sense of security. I saw this all the time when working with law enforcement. “I passed my shooting qual in POST! I already know how to shoot good!” they’d exclaim, not realizing that the qualifier they passed was relatively easy and usually designed for the lowest common denominator to pass. 

So make the tests harder, right? Except super in-depth qualifiers for regular citizens assuage the conscience of bureaucrats, and that’s about it. You will often see articles lamenting the terrible hit ratios for police in gun fights, and then they extrapolate out from there that if even trained police miss a lot, how much worse will civilians be? Well, first, people miss because gunfights are hard. Second, most of the cops with those infamously lousy hit rates come from programs where their training consists of the same type of B.S. qualifiers that the bureaucrats want to force on CCW holders. 

Cops are supposed to respond, chase down criminals, and arrest them. That’s the opposite of what armed citizens do. The vast majority of the time, just producing the gun solves the problem for the regular gun owner. Or the violent encounter happens so close that fine marksmanship doesn’t matter. So why, exactly, should we put some extra hoops for the permit holder to jump through, that don’t really matter, don’t really help, and just add one more expense to getting the permit to begin with? 

Time and Money

The more training you mandate, the more it costs in time and money to check those boxes. So now the rich guy who can easily afford time off work to go to his nearby shooting range with instructors on staff can exercise his rights. But the poor single mom who lives in the city that drove off all its shooting ranges can’t afford the days off. No rights for her. Oh well. Too bad she has a stalker. If he shows up again, she should just call 911 and hope. 

If you’ve already got the law written so that it requires a shooting portion, what is to keep some future anti-gun bureaucrat who hates the idea of regular people being armed from tweaking the test to make it so difficult that nobody can pass it? And even if it is only as difficult as the qual for, say, the old air marshal test (which is the only federal qual I’ve ever shot that’s legitimately challenging), and you personally are a badass gunslinger killer of cardboard, do you want to force that requirement on your mom? Sorry, Mom, you don’t get to carry a gun to use at conversational distance against a rapist, because I don’t feel safe knowing you can’t shoot the SEAL Team Six pistol qualifier. 

Also note that the people who are in favor of more training and tougher tests don’t want to set the bar so high that they can’t personally reach it. They would much rather set the bar just below what they can do, because obviously, that’s how proficient you should be. Anybody who can’t shoot as good as they can is obviously a menace to society. It’s like the old joke, anybody who drives slower than you is a loser, and anybody who drives faster is a maniac. 

When people who are nominally on my side tell me that they want mandatory training to weed out the unworthy, I’ll tell them Sure, let’s do that. Except I think you should shoot at least as good as me (and odds are that since I’m a fanatic who used to do this for a living, with my own private shooting range at my house, I’m way better than they are). I’ll make a super test that only hardcore shooters with big practice-ammo budgets can pass. So no permit for you. That’ll keep out the riff raff. 

Yeah, they don’t like that idea. 

George Frey/Getty Images

Show Me the Numbers

That’s basically what this fixation on mandatory training comes down to. Feelings. There are some on the pro-gun side who are no different from the anti-gunners who want to ban everything because it makes them feel unsafe. Regardless of your feelings, show me the numbers. If mandatory training made a huge difference in safety, how come Alaska and Vermont’s permit holders, subject to no required training, were about as safe as Utah’s and Arizona’s, despite Utah’s minimum four-hour requirement, and Arizona’s  historic 16 hours of training?

I already told you the answer. People who care, care. People who don’t, don’t. 

Over the last decade, states slowly have caught onto this, and more of them have passed constitutional carry, requiring no training or license at all. Fully half of the states have some version of this now and it is wonderful, because your rights shouldn’t depend on someone else’s feelings. 

If your need to Do Something! overrides all reason and logic, then you likely wish to ban guns despite all of this. Other nations have banned guns, so why can’t we? 

I hate comparing the United States to other countries, because they simply aren’t us. These comparisons are always terribly flawed, as cherry-picked crime stats from the socially, culturally, and economically diverse United States are compared to their idealized version of some super-homogenous, tiny-population Nordic nation that’s as exciting as oatmeal. 

But since this is inevitably going to get brought up by the ignorant or dishonest, here we go. 

Murder Capital of the Universe

If you go by media talking points, America is the murder capital of the universe. This is so pervasive that Europeans on Twitter will talk about how they’re terrified to come to America because surely they’ll get shot to death as soon as they get off the plane. 

If you look at the per capita murder rates by country, depending on which source you use, America is usually toward the middle, with legendarily violent Third-World nations at the top, and tiny resort countries at the bottom. Not that anybody should trust what other countries claim as their crime stats, because everybody compiles their stats by different criteria, and some just outright lie for propaganda purposes. Personally I have a hard time believing that Sierra Leone is four times safer than the United States. According to China, they have almost no murders there. 

But we all know what Mark Twain said about statistics.

America’s overall murder rate is also extremely misleading, but we’ll get to that. 

Giant, chaotic, melting-pot America has a complicated history of social volatility that has more in common with Mexico or Brazil than Norway, but the anti-gun zealots never want to compare those stats. Go figure. 

They love to use Australia though. Australia had a mass killing and instituted a massive gun ban and confiscation—a program that simply would not work here, but let’s run with it anyway. As anti-gun zealots like to point out, Australia hasn’t had any similar events since. However, they didn’t really have any before that, either. You need to keep in mind that mass killings are horrific headline-grabbing statistical anomalies. And Australia has a population of 26 million. The United States has nearly 13 times more people. 

So the big thing they didn’t have before still isn’t happening. But if the Australian population is disarmed and criminals still exist, what happens without those defensive gun uses by regular citizens we talked about earlier? 

Australia smokes the United States when it comes to high assault and rape rates. They are assault and rape champions. Again, stats comparing different countries are notoriously unreliable because of different reporting parameters or outright propaganda, but though you might be less likely to get shot in that gun-free paradise, you’re a lot more likely to get raped or beaten. Australia is way above the world average.

Personally, I’m in favor of rapists getting shot by their intended victims. Apparently the Australian government disagrees with me on that. We also diverge on prison camps for sick people, but I’m trying not to get into politics other than guns. Of course most of the articles about Australia’s crime rate will declare that this has nothing to do with regular citizens no longer being able to defend themselves. 

So then we’ve got England, where they reacted swiftly after a mass shooting, banned and confiscated firearms, and since then their violent crime rates have risen dramatically. During the same timeframe, America became increasingly well-armed and our violent crime rates were trending downward—until “fiery but mostly peaceful” 2020 at least—and Britain’s were rising. Their violent crime rate is somewhere between four and six times worse than ours, and Britain is notorious for underreporting their violent crime statistics. 

Like Australia, a cursory Google search about Britain’s crime will find their ludicrous stats, yet also plenty of articles from their blatant anti-gun media outlets declaring that the increase totally has nothing to do with their regular citizens no longer being allowed to defend themselves . . . Sensing a trend yet? 

JAVAD PARSA/NTB/AFP via Getty Images

Gun Control Stops Mass Killers, Right?

So gun control hinders regular citizens and emboldens run-of-the-mill criminals, but surely it stops mass killers. Right?

Not particularly. Take Norway with its extremely strict gun control for example. Their gun control laws are simply incomprehensible to most Americans. Not only that, they have been a well-off, tiny-population, ethnically and socially homogeneous country, without our gang violence or drug problems. Their gun control laws are draconian by our standards. They make Chicago look like Boise. Surely that level of gun control will stop mass killers! Except of course for 2011 when a maniac killed 77 and injured 242 people—an absurdly high body count.

Ironically, as I went to confirm the information about the event in 2011 and plugged “Norway mass shooting” into my search engine, I saw that there had just been another one in June 2022, when an Iranian immigrant in Oslo attacked a gay club. Which again demonstrates that the silly narrative that this kind of thing “only happens in America” is a pathetic lie. 

In 2015 a group of terrorists attacked Paris, killing 130 people and wounding at least another 350 (with some estimates nearing 500). These mass killers used illegal guns and homemade explosives. Make guns harder to get, and explosives become the weapon of choice. Please do keep in mind that the largest and most advanced military coalition in human history was basically stymied for a decade by a small group using high school level chemistry and the Afghani equivalent of Radio Shack.

And if they don’t want to bother getting guns or explosives, they can use a common truck as their murder weapon, like the bastard who killed 86 and injured 458 men, women, and children in Nice by driving down sidewalks.

Because once again, repeat it with me, criminals simply do not give a crap. And it is even worse when the criminals are in your government, which is why it always amuses me that gun controllers want to compare the United States to the world’s softest nations, and not the hyper-violent ones where the disarmed populace is endlessly abused with impunity by organized crime or its own corrupt government. 

Some of the biggest mass killers in modern history have used bombs, arson, or even airliners. There is no law you can pass, no one thing you can ban, and nothing you can say or do that will stop some men from choosing evil. In 1990, 87 people were killed when an arsonist set fire to the Happy Land Nightclub in New York. Forty-four were killed by a homemade bomb at a school in Bath, Michigan, and that was in 1927, back when anybody could buy machine guns through the mail. 

It disgusts me when I see ignorant posturing about how mass killings are a uniquely American problem. No. Sorry. We don’t hold the patent on depraved madness or cruelty. I understand why people are duped into believing this though. Our media fixates on any of our crimes it thinks can be used for political gain, barely mentions any crimes that happen in the Western world, and then the rest of the planet might as well not even exist at all for how little time our media spends on them. They might get an article or two, and maybe a mention on the cable news, and then it’s gone. 

Just a month ago as I write this, at least 50 were killed in a massacre at a Catholic church in Nigeria. In 2020, 29 people were killed and 58 wounded by a lone killer at a Buddhist temple in Thailand. In gun-free Japan in 2019, some maniac killed 33 by setting an anime studio on fire. In 2016, also in Japan, 19 residents of a care center were stabbed to death by a disgruntled former employee.

There are hundreds of these from all over the world. Don’t take my word for it. Go look for yourself, pick a continent, enter the continent and “mass killing” into your search engine, and get ready to be disturbed by the fallen nature of mankind. 

And just like we see in America, the key determinant of how many people get hurt during these events is how long it takes before the killer receives a violent response. 

In 2019, gunmen stormed a Kenyan hotel, killing 21, only to be stopped by the ultimate example of a “good guy with a gun,” when a member of the British SAS who was shopping nearby ran back to his car, grabbed his icky, scary assault rifle, and then took care of business. Our media was forced to cover this one because the pictures of this badass in his plate carrier, balaclava, and jeans went viral. On the other hand, in 2013, 67 were killed at a mall in Kenya. That one really didn’t get a lot of American news coverage, but it was civilian competition shooters from the local chapter of the International Defensive Pistol Association who showed up to fight the bad guys, and our media really despises that concept.

So gun control disarms regular people, which makes them easier targets for regular criminals to victimize, and it does pretty much zilch against dedicated mass killers. 

Ralf-Finn Hestoft/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

You Go Near the Brick Yard . . .

But now let’s go back to that part about how America is so incredibly violent compared to the rest of the world. We’ve already seen that we’re more toward the middle of the bell curve, but people forget just how vast and diverse America is. Depending on which set of stats you use, America’s murder rate is somewhere around 5 per 100,000. 

Detroit’s is 41. Birmingham’s is 50. Baltimore’s is 58. And Saint Louis is at 64.3.

Yeah, that’ll mess up an average. The county I live in now is point zero something, because we’ve only had a couple murders since cowboy times. 

But it is actually even worse than you are thinking. It’s not just some American cities that are cesspools of violent crime where you are far more likely to get shot. It’s specific neighborhoods within those cities. For example Chicago doesn’t even make the top 10 list for bad crime rates, with its 18 per 100,000. Except Chicago has a giant population of around 2.6 million, and when you pull up the homicide map of the city it becomes abundantly clear that most of it is fairly quiet (by Chicago standards at least), with a handful of neighborhoods that are basically war zones.

I knew a guy who grew up in one of those neighborhoods. He joined the army and said Afghanistan was more peaceful. 

Back in the ’90s I lived in north Birmingham, Alabama, and the local paper ran an article called “If Murder Had a ZIP Code,” and that ZIP code was where I lived. The map of the city was just like the Chicago example, with clusters of murders all concentrated in a few small, specific geographic areas, and the locals could even narrow the problem areas down to the specific blocks. You stay away from those, you’re probably fine. You go near the Brick Yard (a legendarily violent public housing complex), you’re gonna get shot. 

Because of this insanely lopsided distribution, it’s the case that most of the U.S. states will be relatively peaceful, but their cities will be worse, and a few parts of those cities are murder central. Despite the crazy mass killings getting all the coverage, most of America’s shootings are good old-fashioned gang- and drug-related violence. 

The reasons our violent crime is so incredibly concentrated into a handful of zip codes are beyond the scope of this book and not my area of expertise. People can argue about generational poverty, or lack of opportunity, or institutional inequality, or whatever, but the one thing I can tell you with absolute certainty is that Chicago’s murders have absolutely nothing to do with me owning guns in rural Utah. 

The low crime rate part of America is armed to the teeth. Most of our violent crime comes from our big blue cities, most of which have been totally dominated by a single political party going back generations. These cities are also the traditional home of America’s strictest gun control laws and harshest enforcement thereof. 

So you’ll have to forgive the rest of us if we don’t feel like being disarmed—allowing us to be victimized easier—in your hopeless crusade to fix the awful problems the people you voted for have created where you live. 

And all of that is irrelevant, because actually trying to ban and confiscate all the scary guns in America will be national suicide. 

“We Should Register All the Guns!”

This Do-Something! isn’t as common as it once was, just because most anti-gunners are so uninformed that they already think this is a thing. In reality, very few jurisdictions in America have any sort of gun registration, but Hollywood is so out of touch that they’ll have a show about a murder in Wyoming and have dialog about checking to see who the gun is registered to. 

There is no federal registry for regular firearms. The only federal registration is for things that fall under the NFA (legal machine guns, “short-barrel rifles and shotguns,” suppressors, etc.), and the state of the registry for even that relatively tiny number of items is a mess, with the government requiring months and sometimes years to process transfers. 

Only seven states and the District of Columbia have some form of gun registration. Of course, it’s the usual suspects that have all the other ridiculous laws, but still have plenty of crime.

Since most firearms used in criminal activity are illegally obtained, it doesn’t really matter who the original purchaser was before it got burgled. Are you one of those really horrible people who want to hold law-abiding citizens responsible for crimes committed with property stolen from them? But that’s so insanely vile that only the most fanatical anti-gunners ever suggest it. 

Registries have also been used for malicious abuse, with the private data of gun owners and permit holders getting leaked. At the time of my writing this, there are breaking reports that this has happened again in California, where the state released the private personal information of every single permit holder, as well as everyone who applied for a permit over the last 10 years.

That’s supposed to be private information. Now some of the people on that list will get harassed for their beliefs or possibly targeted in other ways. Getting outed as not just a gun owner, but someone who wants to carry a gun, is career death in some industries. This is also a great list for burglars who now know which addresses have valuable guns to steal. The timing of this “leak” is extra suspicious, considering that it happened immediately after a landmark Supreme Court decision that smacked down bigoted, corrupt, pay-to-play concealed carry licensing schemes like California’s. 

Registration is stupid, but it is also one of those lines that most American gun owners will refuse to cross for one very good reason. There is a common saying that registration leads to confiscation. The government can never seize them all if they don’t know who has what. The countries with bans and confiscations had registries first, that way the authorities knew who to go after. Tyrants love having a handy list of which of their political opponents is armed and a potential nuisance. If a government ever wants to abuse some section of your populace, a registry is a wonderful to-do list of who to target first. 

Which brings us into the biggest, scariest, Do-Something! there is. Confiscation. 

Mario Tama/Getty Images

“We Should Just Confiscate All the Guns Once and for All!”

Many of you may truly believe that. You may think that the Second Amendment is archaic, outdated, and totally pointless. However about half the country vehemently disagrees with you, and of them, a pretty large portion is fully willing to shoot somebody in defense of it. We’ve already covered how your partial bans are stupid and don’t do anything, so unless you are merely a hypocrite more interested in style than results, the only way to achieve your ultimate goal is to come and take our guns away. 

So let’s talk about confiscation. This is the part where we delve into what the Second Amendment is really about. 

In 2018 a U.S. congressman embarrassed himself on Twitter. Eric Swalwell (D-Calif.)—who is best known for his relationship with a Communist Chinese spy and farting on live TV—got into a debate about gun control, suggested a mandatory buyback (which is basically confiscation with a happy face sticker on it), and when someone told him that he would resist, he said resistance was futile because the government has nukes.

And everybody sane was like, Wait, what? 

Of course the congressman backpedaled. You see, using nuclear weapons on American gun owners was an exaggeration, he just wanted to rhetorically demonstrate that the all-powerful federal government could crush us peasants like bugs (they hold our pathetic lives in their iron hand), and he’d never ever advocate for the use of nuclear weapons on American soil (that would be bad for the environment!), and instead he merely wants to send a SWAT team to your house to shoot you in the face if you don’t comply. 

See? That’s much better. 

But this isn’t about that particular tweet from one idiot congressman. This goofy line of reasoning pops up constantly. 

For example, there was a meme with a picture of an Apache attack helicopter with the super pithy caption, “I see you keep an AR-15 in case you need to show the government who’s the boss . . . Hi, I’m Uncle Sam and I keep a whole fleet of AH-64 helicopter gunships in case I need to show Freedom Eagle Dot Facebook who’s the boss.” 

I’ve seen these for nukes, drones, tanks, or cruise missiles. Sadly, this is one of the better ones, but that’s because the Left can’t meme. It’s a popular media sound bite too, all based on the same flawed premise: 

The federal government has access to advanced weapon systems, and thus anyone who resisted gun confiscation would be effortlessly destroyed by them, ergo gun control has already won—foregone conclusion—and they declare victory. 

Like most political memes, they’re taking an extremely complex situation and providing a cartoonish, simplistic answer, which makes them look like clowns to anybody with a clue, but scores them lots of virtue-signal points with their likewise ignorant but posturing friends. To my people, this is really goofy stuff. If you have even a basic knowledge of this topic, these memes are about as clever as the ones from the flat Earth society . . . 

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About Larry Correia

Larry Correia is a multiple award-winning, nationally bestselling novelist (most famous for his Monster Hunter series) and popular blogger, who writes often on issues involving Second Amendment rights. His famous essay “An Opinion on Gun Control” was an Internet viral sensation, with more than a million reads, and he writes often for national publications on gun laws and self-defense. A graduate of Utah State, he lives in Utah with his family.

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