Iran Shuts Down Internet, Downplays Protests

Now in the third day of protests and unrest, Iranian officials downplayed and demonized the protests, set off by 50% hike in gas prices and implemented an internet shutdown.

On Monday, Iran “alternatively downplayed and demonized ongoing protests across the country that have killed at least five people and renewed pressure on the government as the country struggles under the weight of U.S economic sanctions.”

A 50% increase in gas prices took effect early Friday and protests began soon after. Tehran shut down the internet over the weekend, blocking Iranians from sharing videos and information of the protests with the outside world. Some of the protest videos circulating online and shared before the internet was shut down late Saturday, included sound of gunfire and appeared to show gravely wounded people.

State media and authorities released little information. Government spokesman, Ali Rabiei predicted during a news conference that the unrest would be over in two days. He also said demonstrators had taken police officers and security forces hostage. He did not release any details.

“The protests were prompted by widespread anger among the Iranian people, who have seen their savings evaporate amid scarce jobs and the collapse of the national currency, the rial, since President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew America from the nuclear deal over a year ago and imposed sanctions. The rial now trades at over 123,000 to $1, compared to 32,000 to $1 at the time the deal took effect.”

Tehran’s streets were emptier than usual Monday in what is a generally busy capital and shops saw fewer customers. Uniformed police and plainclothes security forces walked the streets. The all-volunteer force of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, known as Basij, said it was helping maintain security.

Rabiei told journalists, mask-wearing protestors were “exercising very high levels of violence very professionally,” but insisted the protests would end soon.

Today the situation was calmer — more than 80% compared to yesterday,” the spokesman said. “Only some minor problems remain, and by tomorrow and the day after, there will remain no special riots.”

The head of the Basij, Gen. Gholamreza Soleimani, said protest leaders had been arrested, but he did not elaborate.

“The security forces have dealt with the protesters by practicing restraint and patience,” the general said. “Destruction and disturbances have been done by rioters that we refer to as thugs and hoodlums.”

“Iran has sought to blame violence on those linked to Iran’s late Shah, ousted 40 years ago, and an exile group called the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq. The MEK calls for the overthrow of Iran’s government and has the support of Rudy Giuliani.”

President Hassan Rouhani, who pushed for the hike in gas prices as part of a promise to increase payments to Iran’s poor, warned that authorities could track protesters by their license plates. During the unrest, demonstrators abandoned their cars on major highways, blocking traffic.

In a meeting with his Cabinet, Rouhani linked the gas hike to Iran’s inability to export its crude oil abroad, according to a statement on the presidency’s website.

“We have no other choice but to either raise taxes and make payments … or we must export more oil,” he said.

Meanwhile, the official death toll rose to five Monday as the state-run IRNA news agency reported that the violence has resulted in two more deaths in a Tehran suburb. Previously, officials acknowledged the death of a police officer in the city of Kermanshah, one killed in another suburb of Tehran and another in Sirjan, a city some 800 kilometers (500 miles) southeast of the capital.

In Washington, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the U.S. was “deeply concerned by reports of several fatalities.”

“The Islamic Republic must cease violence against its own people and should immediately restore the ability of all Iranians to access a free and open Internet,” Pompeo said. “The world is watching.”

The semi-official Fars news agency, close to the Guard, has put the total number of protesters at over 87,000, saying demonstrators ransacked about 100 banks and stores. Authorities arrested about 1,000 people, Fars reported, citing unnamed security officials for the information.

Iran’s information and communications technology minister, Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, told IRNA that officials hope the situation will normalize and allow the internet to be restored. However, the former Intelligence Ministry member told the news agency that “maintaining national security is very important.”

The protests represent a political risk for Rouhani ahead of February parliamentary elections as the government struggles to keep the economy afloat.

“The demonstrators have no way to present organized demands, much less negotiate them with the authorities,” the Washington Institute for Near-East Policy said early Tuesday. “It is difficult to see how such leaderless protests can produce significant political change.”

About Catherine Smith

Catherine Smith is a newcomer to Washington D.C. She met, and married an American journalist and moved to D.C from the U.K. She graduated with a B.A in Graphic, Media and Communications and worked in design and retail in the U.K.

Photo: (Photo by Fatemeh Bahrami/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

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