Hamilton on Immigration

"To admit foreigners indiscriminately to the rights of citizens, the moment they put foot in our country . . . would be nothing less, than to admit the Grecian Horse into the Citadel of our Liberty and Sovereignty." —Alexander Hamilton
“To admit foreigners indiscriminately to the rights of citizens, the moment they put foot in our country… would be nothing less, than to admit the Grecian Horse into the Citadel of our Liberty and Sovereignty.” —Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton, writing as “Lucius Crassus” in the New York Evening Post on January 12, 1802, expounds on legitimate reasons why a country might place limits on immigration.

Resuming the subject of our last paper we proceed to trace still farther, the consequences that must result from a too unqualified admission of foreigners, to an equal participation in our civil, and political rights.

The safety of a republic depends essentially on the energy of a common National sentiment; on a uniformity of principles and habits; on the exemption of the citizens from foreign bias, and prejudice; and on that love of country which will almost invariably be found to be closely connected with birth, education and family.

The opinion advanced in [Thomas Jefferson’s] Notes on Virginia is undoubtedly correct, that foreigners will generally be apt to bring with them attachments to the persons they have left behind; to the country of their nativity, and to its particular customs and manners. They will also entertain opinions on government congenial with those under which they have lived, or if they should be led hither from a preference to ours, how extremely unlikely is it that they will bring with them that temperate love of liberty, so essential to real republicanism? There may as to particular individuals, and at particular times, be occasional exceptions to these remarks, yet such is the general rule. The influx of foreigners must, therefore, tend to produce a heterogeneous compound; to change and corrupt the national spirit; to complicate and confound public opinion; to introduce foreign propensities. In the composition of society, the harmony of the ingredients is all important, and whatever tends to a discordant intermixture must have an injurious tendency.

The United States have already felt the evils of incorporating a large number of foreigners into their national mass; it has served very much to divide the community and to distract our councils, by promoting in different classes different predilections in favor of particular foreign nations, and antipathies against others. It has been often likely to compromit the interests of our own country in favor of another. In times of great public danger there is always a numerous body of men, of whom there may be just grounds of distrust; the suspicion alone weakens the strength of the nation, but their force may be actually employed in assisting an invader.

In the infancy of the country, with a boundless waste to people, it was politic to give a facility to naturalization; but our situation is now changed. It appears from the last census, that we have increased about one third in ten years; after allowing for what we have gained from abroad, it will be quite apparent that the natural progress of our own population is sufficiently rapid for strength, security and settlement. By what has been said, it is not meant to contend for a total prohibition of the right of citizenship to strangers, nor even for the very long residence which is now a prerequisite to naturalization, and which of itself, goes far towards a denial of that privilege. The present law was merely a temporary measure adopted under peculiar circumstances and perhaps demands revision. But there is a wide difference between closing the door altogether and throwing it entirely open; between a postponement of fourteen years and an immediate admission to all the rights of citizenship. Some reasonable term ought to be allowed to enable aliens to get rid of foreign and acquire American attachments; to learn the principles and imbibe the spirit of our government; and to admit of at least a probability of their feeling a real interest in our affairs. A residence of at least five years ought to be required.

If the rights of Naturalization may be communicated by parts, and it is not perceived why they may not, those peculiar to the conducting of business and the acquisition of property, might with propriety be at once conferred, upon receiving proof, by certain prescribed solemnities, of their intention to become citizens; postponing all political privileges to the ultimate term. To admit foreigners indiscriminately to the rights of citizens, the moment they put foot in our country, as recommended in the Message, would be nothing less, than to admit the Grecian Horse into the Citadel of our Liberty and Sovereignty.

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2 responses to “Hamilton on Immigration”

  1. The number of people entitled to vote in the United States is currently just over 251 mllion.

    The Mainstream Media, in the tank for ‘liberal’ values (i.e. doing the work and bidding of the global plutocracy which desires to turn the whole world into a replica of Brazil), spent the past 16 months damning Donald Trump 24/7 flat-out as another Mussolini, Hitler, demagogue, NASTY NASTY NASTY PIECE OF WORK. They personally saw their own cheap nannies, maids and gardeners as at risk; and anyway are committed to totalitarian nihilism of the political Left. So, like their owners, they are frantic for Mass Immigration.

    They left no stone unthrown. Most of their coverage of Trump was lies and misrepresentation.

    And in the event 71 million voted for candidates other than Donald Trump.

    The rest voted Trump; or refused or failed to vote. So that means that the Mainstream Media campaign against the Donald – ferocious, like a pack of frantic jackals night and day throughout the election cycle – was a Flopperoo. 180 million Americans, or 72% of the electorate, blew it a whopping raspberry. They voted for the Donald or they did not vote.

    This is like a stage in the marriage of a couple who end up divorced.

    The Mainstream Media can carry on – as at present it is doing – damning every single thing Trump and his associates say and do, manufacturing hoaxes, grievances, peddling fictions, screaming parrot-cries (like the protestors on the streets); but at bottom they are a commercial entity vending a product: news reportage and commentary.

    One of two outcomes will inevitably follow over time. Either the Mainstream Media decides to become professional and ethical and to start providing coverage far less partisan and tendentious; or the public will junk them.

    Already certain newspapers (e.g. the New York Times) are stricken by falling numbers in subscriptions. More and more people are turning to the alternative media online.

    Eventually the MSM, unless it reforms itself drastically, will go the way of the Flat Earth Society.


  2. It is strange that people are using this article to claim Alexander Hamilton for the anti-immigration side. Consider the policy he is actually endorsing here:

    Unlimited immigration and unregulated immigration, automatic citizenship after 5 years, immediate full rights to conduct business and own property if they declare an intention to become citizens. He does not mention a right to work, with or with the citizenship intention, but I suspect that the idea of a restriction on working was beyond his imagination.